The word “dermatoglyphics” is derived from an ancient Greek word. It can be broken down into two parts, “derma” which means skin and “glyphics” which means the prints or the carvings on the skin. It means the scientific study of prints and carvings which we find on finger tips, palms, soles, and mouths.
The term Dermatoglyphics was introduced by Harold Cummin and Rita C. Midlo in the year 1926. The prenatal life or gestation period was discussed by Cummins and Midlo in 1961 where they talked about 13th and 19th-21st week the development of fetal mounds on the
- digit tips,
- inerdigital areas,
- hypothenar of the palm, and
- the corresponding areas of foot.
Once completed, the epidermal ridges remain unchanged except in size for the rest of life.